1 Highway Traffic Act, 1991, R.S.O. 1991. C. H8.
2 Bill C-46, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (offences relating to conveyances) and to make consequential amendments to other Acts, 1st Sess, 42nd Leg, Canada, 2018.
3 Health Canada. About cannabis. Ottawa, ON: Health Canada; 2018 cited Sep 25 2018.
4 Canadian Pharmacists Association. Cannabis Monograph. Toronto, ON: Canadian Pharmacists Association; 2018.
5 Ramaekers JG, Berghaus G, van Laar M, Drummer OH. Dose related risk of motor vehicle crashes after cannabis use. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2004;73:109-119.
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13 College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario. Policy Statement #8-16: Marijuana for Medical Purposes. Toronto, ON: College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario; 2016 cited Sep 17 2018.
14 Canadian Medical Association. Determining Medical Fitness to Operate Motor Vehicles: CMA Driver’s Guide, 9th Ed. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Medical Association; 2017 cited Sep 17 2018.
15 Canadian Society of Forensic Sciences Drugs and Driving Committee. Report on Drug Screening Equipment – Oral Fluid. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Society of Forensic Science; 2018 cited Oct 23 2018.
16 Health Canada. Health Effects of Cannabis. Ottawa ON; 2017 Accessed 17 Sep 2018.
17 Leirer VO, Yesavage JA, Morow DG. Marijuana carry-over effects on aircraft pilot performance. Aviat. Space Environ. Med. 1991; 62: 221–227.
18 College of Family Physicians of Canada. Authorizing Dried Cannabis for Chronic Pain or Anxiety: Preliminary Guidance from the College of Family Physicians of Canada. Mississauga, ON: College of Family Physicians of Canada; 2014 cited Sep 19 2018.
19 Kahan M, Srivastava A, Spithoff S, Bromley L. Prescribing smoked cannabis for chronic noncancer pain. Canadian Family Physician. 2014;60:1083-1090.
20 Fischer B, Russell C, Sabioni P, van den Brink W, Le Foll B, Hall W, et al. Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines: A Comprehensive Update of Evidence and Recommendations. Public Health Policy. 2017;107(8):e1-e12.
Updated: October 23, 2018