About the Ontario Medical Association (OMA)
Founded in 1880, the Ontario Medical Association (OMA) represents and advocates on behalf of more than 41,000 practicing and retired physicians, medical students and residents from across the province. As the representative of Ontario’s physicians, we advocate for the health of Ontarians and provide leadership for an accessible, quality health-care system.
The OMA is governed by a Council composed of 272 possible delegates, representing 11 districts and 49 sections, and by the Association’s Board of Directors. The Board consists of representatives from the 11 districts, a representative of the six faculties of medicine in Ontario, and five Directors elected by Council.
Ontario Physicians: Breakdown by the Numbers
Ontario is home to a world-class medical profession who are transforming the delivery of patient care, leading breakthrough research and contributing to the evolution of our publicly-funded health care system. Ontario is also a major training ground to prepare physicians and health leaders for the future.
The following is a snapshot of the profession by specialty:
- Total number of practicing physicians: approximately 28,100 practising physicians in Ontario.
- General practitioners: approximately 13,100
- Specialists: approximately 15,000
- Medical students: 3,650
- Number of residents: 6,700
- Breakdown by gender: Male – 17,179 (61.2%) Female – 10,908 (38.8%)
- Average age of physician: 50.5 years
- Number of physician practicing in rural versus non-rural setting: 26,555 (non-rural) 1,532 (rural)
- Number of speciality areas: 43 ranging from medical oncology to public health
Medical Schools in Ontario
- Number of medical schools: 6
- Number of satellite medical campuses: 4
- List of medical schools and satellite medical campuses:
Michael G. Degroote School of Medicine, McMaster University (located in Hamilton with a satellite campus in the Waterloo and Niagara Region)
Northern Ontario School of Medicine: Laurentian University (located in Sudbury) and Lakehead University (Located in Thunder Bay)
Queen’s University School of Medicine (Located in Kingston)
Schulich School of Medicine, Western University (located in London with a satellite campus in Windsor)
University of Toronto (with a satellite campus in Mississauga)
University of Ottawa
- Number of first year enrolment in Ontario medical schools: approximately 957 in 2015/2016
- Average tuition for students entering their first year of medical school: $22,909 in September 2014, a 360% increase over the 1997 average fee of $4,977.
Patient Visits Patients
- Number of patient visits to family physicians: approximately 59 million in 2014
- Number of patient visits to specialists: approximately 57 million in 2012
Billing Versus Overhead Expenses
- The average Ontario physician receives gross payments of $334,000 annually before deductions for overhead expenses and taxes
- In Ontario, the average physician’s practice overhead expenses are approximately 30% of gross professional billings (source: PricewaterhouseCoopers and MNP LLP), growing faster than the rate of inflation and at a rate that is 55% higher than the consumer price index (CPI).
Impact of Physician Practice Overhead Spending on Ontario’s Economy
- On average, a physician creates the equivalent of approximately 4 full-time jobs, generates about $205,000 in GDP and more than $50,000 in tax revenues for government (municipal, provincial, federal) from their spending on practice overhead. 
- Total physician practice overhead spending generates:
- An estimated $5.5- billion in GDP for the economy.
- An estimated 96,000 full-time jobs in Ontario
- An estimated $1.4- billion in total tax revenue, including $427-million for the provincial government. 
 Ontario Physician Human Resources Data Centre, McMaster University at:
 Ontario Medical School Bursary Fund at: http://www.omsbf.org/why-we-need-you/medical-education-facts/
 B.Kralj, OMA Economics Department and E. Mansfield, MNP LLP. “Impact of physician practice overhead spending on the Ontario economy”. Ontario Medical Review (May 2013).