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OMA factsheet

As the representative of Ontario’s physicians, we advocate for the health of Ontarians and provide leadership for an accessible, quality health-care system.

About the Ontario Medical Association

Ontario is home to world-class medical professionals who are transforming the delivery of patient care, leading breakthrough research and contributing to the evolution of our publicly funded health-care system. Ontario is also a major training ground to prepare physicians and health leaders for the future.

Founded in 1880, the Ontario Medical Association (OMA) has approximately 44,000 members, including all of Ontario’s 31,500 practicing physicians. Membership also includes retired physicians, medical students, and Ontario physicians currently out-of-province.

As the representative of Ontario’s physicians, we advocate for the health of Ontarians and provide leadership for an accessible quality health-care system.

The activities of the OMA are wholly funded by membership dues. The OMA receives no funding from either the government or corporate interests.

The OMA is governed by a Council and a Board of Directors. Council is composed of up to 256 delegates elected by the OMA’s 11 Districts and 49 Sections. The 25-member Board includes a chair and five directors elected by Council, and representatives from all OMA Districts.

What we stand for


Advocate for and support doctors. Strengthen the leadership role of doctors in caring for patients.


To be the trusted voice in transforming Ontario’s health-care system.

Core values


We treat everyone with dignity and value diverse experiences and perspectives.


We seek opportunities to be creative and explore future possibilities.


We courageously pursue best practices, new ideas, solutions and opportunities to improve.


We listen to understand and connect.


We are genuine and candid in our interactions, and we hold ourselves accountable.

Ontario's physicians by the numbers

Number of practicing physicians: 31,443 1

Number of OMA Sections: 49, from Addiction Medicine to Vascular Surgery

Average number of patient visits per day: 340,000

Total patient visits in 2018: 124 million

Family and general practice: 61 million
Specialists: 63 million

Average age of practicing physicians in Ontario: 50.87 1

Average age of OMA members: 49.51 1

OMA members by gender: male 58%, female 42% 1

Physician remuneration

The vast majority of physicians are not government employees but are independent contractors and small-business owners who bill OHIP for services they have provided to patients. As such, they are not eligible for employer benefits or pensions, paid vacation, or sick leave.

Physicians’ billings are gross earnings out of which they must pay all the expenses to run their practice, including staff salaries and benefits, office space, medical equipment and supplies, electronic health records, utilities and more.

On average, physician overhead accounts for approximately 30 per cent of gross billings, however, this can be 50 per cent or higher depending on the physician’s speciality and practice model.

Average gross payment for a family physician: $307,149 (2016-17)

Average gross payment for a specialist: $383,531 (2016-17)

Physician contributions to the economy

In Ontario, total physician practice overhead spending generates:

$5.6 billion in GDP for the economy
$1.4 billion in total tax revenue
95,000 full-time jobs in Ontario 2

Medical schools in Ontario

Number of medical schools: six

Number of satellite campuses: four

  • Michael C. Degroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton (satellite campuses in Waterloo and Niagara Regions)
  • Northern Ontario School of Medicine: joint venture between Laurentian University in Sudbury and Lakehead University in Thunder Bay
  • Schulich School of Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London (satellite campus in Windsor)
  • University of Toronto (satellite campus in Mississauga)
  • University of Ottawa
  • Queen’s University, Kingston

Number of students enrolled in Ontario medical schools in 2017-18: 3,717 3

[1] Ontario Medical Association, as of August 2019

[2] B.Kralj, OMA Economics Department and E. Mansfield, MNP LLP. “Impact of physician practice overhead spending on the Ontario economy”. Ontario Medical Review (May 2013).

[3] Canadian Medical Education Statistics 2018